Python Remove Unicode Characters From File

If the input encoding is compatible with ascii (such as utf-8) then you could open the file in binary mode and use bytes. Unicode Support: ICU closely tracks the Unicode standard, providing easy access to all of the many Unicode character properties, Unicode Normalization, Case Folding and other fundamental operations as specified by the Unicode Standard. In Python 3, you can avoid all of this nastiness. Does anyone has a good way to remove non-printable characters from a unicode string? remove non-printable characters from a unicode string? whether a file. exe #501: MGET installation program should store populate values such as Publisher and Version in the registry. I found on the Web an elegant way to do this in Java: convert the Unicode string to its long normalized form (with a separate character for letters and diacritics) remove all the characters whose Unicode type. Below i will show you some methods and the benchmark results. You probably do not want to remove them. What is the best way to remove all of these in python? Read it in chunks, then remove the non-ascii charactors like so:. unzip will list, test, or extract files from a ZIP archive, commonly found on MS-DOS systems. 2- Accessing Characters in Python Strings. encode('utf-8') on it. More than 120 thousands characters coded for now. Since Python 3. My Python script doesn't get the right Unicode filenames passed to it via sys. use_unicode. As opposed to the single byte \u00e6 – Adam Smith Nov 4 '15 at 0:46 this doesn't actually replace non-ascii characters, it replaces anything that looks like a utf-8 representation of a unicode character. How to print Unicode character in Python. replace(" '", "") # TODO: Deal with this properly. Normalise (normalize) unicode data in Python to remove umlauts, accents etc. Unicode character U+FEFF is used as a byte-order mark (BOM), and is often written as the first character of a file in order to assist with autodetection of the file’s byte ordering. Or you sourced it from a library that applied the wrong codec. x and Python 2. A markup language which can be used to. Since Python 3. Returns a readable version of an object. encode it to convert it from Unicode characters to bytes. As it is not technically possible to list all of these characters in a single Wikipedia page, this list is limited to a subset of the most important characters for English-language readers, with. In this tutorial, you'll get a Python-centric introduction to character encodings and unicode. tokenize the UTF-8 content 5. import chardet import pandas as pd with open(r'C:\Users\indreshb\Downloads\Pokemon. There are many ways to solve this problem. ) So the three files that don't work are in different encodings. Decoding HTML Entities to Text in Python October 08, 2010 A while ago, I had to import some HTML into a Python script and found out that—while there is cgi. every Python Unicode character represents exactly one Unicode code point (i. To open file create instance of FileStream class with FileMode and FileAccess enumerations as parameters. That's all about how to remove all special characters from String in Java. in the values of some fields. You can also see the Unicode value of a character by. DIUnicode provides Unicode Reader and Unicode Writer classes for for Delphi. Info Unicode Character 'COMMA' (U+002C) Browser Test Page Outline (as SVG file) Fonts that support U+002C. (12 replies) hello, Is there a function to remove escape characters from a string ? (preferable all escape characters except "\n"). If I remove the utf-8 encoding, I get a. Those emoji are 4-byte Unicode characters, whereas Python still only expects/allows 3-byte characters in utf8 encoding. With more and more software being required to support multiple languages, or even just any language, Unicode has been strongly gaining popularity in recent years. x expects a byte stream. Full documentation for the UCD can be found in Unicode Standard Annex #44, Unicode Character Database. This python tutorial will show you how to remove unwanted characters from files such as %!. When used as a byte order mark the character is placed at the beginning of a file. remove special characters 4. readlines(): print u. read the file 2. I get this message with At the DOS command level, you can do subst x: very\long\path and then refer to x:filestem. If you are working with files using 8-bit code pages in EditPad or PowerGREP, or are using Boost with 8-bit character strings, you can also use \x80 through \xFF to insert characters from those 8-bit code pages. This conflicts with Python's usage of the same character for the same purpose in string literals. An easy way has always been to simply filter out any "decorated characters"; unfortunately, this does not preserve the base, undecorated glyphs. Shorthand Character Classes. The tables below are a reference to basic regex. Are there any linux command-line tools to remove the BOM from the file? $ file test. Free Bonus: Click here to download an example Python project with source code that shows you how to read large. You can also save this page to your account. UTF-8 directly in an Unicode aware editor. Python module to read and write. While reading the rest of the site, when in doubt, you can always come back and look here. Hi guys I want to remove null byte from string in which i am searching for keywords. path module that change forward slashes in a string to the appropriate filename separator for the platform that you are on. It could be your terminal is mis-configured, or that your text editor saved your source code using a different codec than what you told Python to read the file with. Python 3 supports Unicode extensively, including allowing Unicode characters within strings. The parameters are of Int32 type and specify the index at which you want to start removing characters, and then the number of characters to remove. In the previous section you learned about reading and writing tabular data files using direct Python I/O and simple parsing and type-conversion rules. EditPad Lite's character map allows you to insert any character supported by the current file's encoding, which is very convenient for working with characters or languages that you cannot type on your keyboard. join(iterable) Using S as a separator, stick together the strings in iterable: S. Some facts first: Unicode is an international encoding standard for use with different languages and scripts; In python-2. As long as you stay in the domain of the common characters, there is little practical difference between ASCII and Unicode. A string has any amount of data. On newer file systems, such as NTFS, exFAT, UDFS, and FAT32, Windows stores the long file names on disk in Unicode, which means that the original long file name is always preserved. Overcoming frustration: Correctly using unicode in python2¶ In python-2. lstrip([chars]) Remove whitespace (or chars) from front (left) of S. While reading the rest of the site, when in doubt, you can always come back and look here. markzz: python-custom_inherit: 2. Get the complete details on Unicode character U+007F on FileFormat. I am trying to load a json file into python with no success. Depending on context, a line-break generated by the return or enter key may be considered whitespace as well. AD> in the file, which marks the file as utf-8. remove() with the appropriate filename and path (Python defaults to the current directory, so you don’t need to specify a path if the file you want to remove is in the default directory). In both cases the file is saved to a location local to where the database is being ran from (on the same machine, or to a mount/drive available to the machine) The header row will need to be added to both files (which can be done using any text editor or spreadsheet program) Now you are ready to upload the new CSV File to SpatialKey. The string encode() method returns encoded version of the given string. Watch Queue Queue. x, provides functions to retrieve them in non-Unicode 8-bit character strings. TET makes available. Notable exceptions are Java, JavaScript, and PCRE. You can always add. It removes spaces and other such annoyances. It tries to convert Latin-1 characters into ASCII equivalents where possible. Please see the section Platform-specific Notes in the manual. The representation is almost always an attempt at transliteration -- i. The files module for Python provides an easy way to deal with files, directories, and paths in a Pythonic way. This is important base knowledge, but in real-world use when dealing with ASCII data files there are many complications and we recommend using the astropy. â€"Paul ErdÅ's. solving an issue with accessing files and folders with unicode characters in python 2. txt) converted to lowercase with hyphens replaced by underscores. If you need to delete elements based on the index (like the fourth element or last element), you can use the pop() method. source: MGET / Trunk / PythonPackage / dist / TracOnlineDocumentation / Documentation / PythonReference / Method_GeoEco. In Python, Strings are the arrays of bytes representing the Unicode characters. To load file into the database you can use SSIS package, just be sure that you correctly set the file to unicode. i need a python script that will remove any special characters but to leave the period, question mark, exclamation point, and comma. It only goes from 0 to 127. Some facts first: Unicode is an international encoding standard for use with different languages and scripts; In python-2. The encoding that this file uses. I would like to only retain words in String B that are also in String A. Discussion. A Unicode string holds characters from the Unicode character set. UTF-8 is a variable-width encoding that can represent every character in the Unicode character set. Doing the above removes half your code. Supplementary characters are those Unicode characters beyond the Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP). When used as a byte order mark the character is placed at the beginning of a file. save file with same file name. The process that this might follow is, 1. Python write list to file; Python read json file to dictionary; Python convert unicode to string; List directory file names and count in python; Difference between del remove and pop in python; Difference between re search and match in python; Python compare strings; Python dict difference between items and iteritems. The most common whitespace characters may be typed via the space bar or the tab key. Importing JSON file for Python analysis. Problem is: The output I get from my python script to powershell has most of the characters showing up as a. In this python file I need to use Unicode character like the following: input_X. txt) converted to lowercase with hyphens replaced by underscores. Simply removing the first AD> character in the string is not ok, because the BOM is optional. There are two types of string literals: bytestrings (look like this on 2. every Python Unicode character represents exactly one Unicode code point (i. Python does not have character data type to store the string. Remove non-printable characters from string in Python 3. If I remove the utf-8 encoding, I get a. Any idea how I can find this Unicode character in my LaTeX document, or solve this issue? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. At the end of your script, the data you have is Unicode. String is sequence of Unicode characters. 0, the language’s str type contains Unicode characters, meaning any string created using "unicode rocks!", 'unicode rocks!', or the triple-quoted string syntax is stored as Unicode. Python Program to Remove Punctuations From a String. When used as a byte order mark the character is placed at the beginning of a file. Characters can be manipulated to abuse logic in software. but when I save the python file and reopen again, the file could not recognize the degree symbol and become "?". The size is the height of the font in pixels. Does anyone has a good way to remove non-printable characters from a unicode string? remove non-printable characters from a unicode string? whether a file. You can also see the Unicode value of a character by. The replacement character (U+FFFD) is scattered all over the document and want to replace them with "" (empty string). how to write a line in a text file; best way to extract sentence from txt file; Replace multiple lines in a txt file. Lists are used in almost every program written in Python. in reality, these are 6 separate characters – R Nar Nov 4 '15 at 0:48. Watch Queue Queue. txt //After Mike’s Project. The below table contains a list of Python Escape sequence characters and relevant examples. Opens a file and returns a file object ord Given a string of length one, return an integer representing the Unicode code point of the character when the argument is a unicode object, or the value of the byte when the argument is an 8-bit string. chr(12) Form Feed in Notepad. html @ 213 View revision: Revision 213 , 16. Should I import unicode_literals?¶ The future package can be used with or without unicode_literals imports. convert it into a UTF-8 byte string 4. We will check each character of the string using for loop. In Python 3, you can avoid all of this nastiness. Conversation between Lion and Bayle. Python does not have the character data type, and a single character is simply a string with a length of 1. "Wide character" or "wide character string" refers to text where each character is the same size (usually a 32-bit integer) and simply represents a Unicode character value ("code point"). This video is unavailable. Comments in Python start with the hash character, #, and extend to the end of the physical line. In Python 2, source files need to be explicitly marked as UTF-8 with coding: utf-8 in a comment in the first couple of lines. of a script to inspect files for characters that don't match a specific encoding. read() words=content. You can define characters you want or remove in the regular expression as shown in our example. Square brackets can be used to access elements of the string. There is the \w character class, which will match a word character; but here, word characters include numbers and letters. An easy way has always been to simply filter out any "decorated characters"; unfortunately, this does not preserve the base, undecorated glyphs. Get the complete details on Unicode character U+007F on FileFormat. Finally--don't forget to remove the Python v3. In Python 2, source files need to be explicitly marked as UTF-8 with coding: utf-8 in a comment in the first couple of lines. When reading data from text files, it is the responsibility of the user to know and to specify the conventions used to create that file, e. I know I can use txt/cvs file formats, but that opens up an entirely different can of worms. split(): Python remove tabs and carriage lines from unicode list. X: Unicode and Binary Data. The encoding that this file uses. : 01_Antonín_Dvořák_Allegro. If you try, Python will try to encode it using the default encoding, which for you is ASCII. If you need to delete elements based on the index (like the fourth element or last element), you can use the pop() method. It is only the way how Python tells you that the 'ATT' is a Unicode string. Removal of Unicode (u) from a list. In working with Tensorflow and TFLearn on Windows I frequently run into a problem with my source data files being encoded as UTF-8 with a BOM header. 0 document, UTF-8 Unicode (with BOM) text, with very long lines. Please suggest some solution. We do have a lot of authors with all kind of weird characters in their names, which get the "WTF is Unicode?"-treatment from BibTeX. If a font cannot be loaded from the arguments given an exception will be raised. The former function is only present in the Python 2. path module that change forward slashes in a string to the appropriate filename separator for the platform that you are on. Every character's byte sequence is unique and will never be found inside the byte sequence of another character, UTF-8 may use up to four bytes to encode a character, UTF-8 text must be checked for well-formedness, Pure ASCII is also valid UTF-8, and; Binary sorting will sort UTF-8 in the same order as Unicode. #499: On Python 2. str is for bytes, NOT strings The first step toward solving your Unicode problem is to stop thinking of type< 'str'> as storing strings (that is, sequences of human-readable characters, a. 3, Do not sync run_cross_tests. Does anyone has a good way to remove non-printable characters from a unicode string? remove non-printable characters from a unicode string? whether a file. In June 2015 was released version 8. Since Python 3. However, in Python, strings are the sequence of unicode characters. replace(" '", "") # TODO: Deal with this properly. Once you open the file you must *read* the contents and operate on that: data = f. In other words, all of the 'A', 'T', and 'T' characters are in Unicode. Converting String To Unicode Python 3. \a \b \n \t \v are all escape characters check the result update for those that haven't begun to use python 3. Discussion. decomposition (unichr) ¶ Returns the character decomposition mapping assigned to the Unicode character unichr as string. How to remove all special characters, punctuation and spaces from a string in Python - To remove all special characters punctuation and spaces from string iterate over the string and filter out all non alpha numeric characters For example string Hello People Whitespace 7331 join e for e in string if e isalnum HelloPeopleWhite. Convert Lowercase to Uppercase in Python. In Unicode, Normalization of characters and strings follows a specification defined in the Unicode Standard Annex #15: Unicode Normalization Forms. The most troublesome seems to be "closing" quotation marks. It contains CSV data however, occasionally, it also contains a weird square character on any given row. Normalise (normalize) unicode data in Python to remove umlauts, accents etc. x--Python 2. The ease with which you can perform this task is almost scary because it's too easy. This issue was once discussed by Hye-Shik Chang[1], but was rejected. The text editor supports powerful macros, Unicode, and very large files. Below i will show you some methods and the benchmark results. What are some ideas for handling the UTF-8 file. Should I import unicode_literals?¶ The future package can be used with or without unicode_literals imports. Convert Lowercase to Uppercase in Python. I've created a text file from an application that I developed. With find, and its friend rfind, we scan strings. Remove special and control characters from string using Python less than 1 minute read Today I had a database table which contained special and control characters (like DLE, DC1, ACK, DC3 etc. This can be used to convert things like special language symbols, things like smileys/emoticons, and really any of the symbols that you will come across as unicode as you parse or stream. As it is not technically possible to list all of these characters in a single Wikipedia page, this list is limited to a subset of the most important characters for English-language readers, with. txt, rely solely on setup. Character SYMBOL FOR DELETE IDEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION CHARACTER ABOVE TO MIDDLE AND BELOW. Well… ASCII chars have code-points between 0 and 127 (included), so anything higher is certainly not an ASCII character. All files are contained within various directories, and Python has no problem handling these too. FontTools requires Python 2. 2 script reads the regex from a file or user input, \u FFFF matches uFFFF literally as the regex engine sees \u as an escaped literal u. remove special characters 4. save file with same file name. 5 22,Unicode Support 22, 13 22,Regular Expression Cookbook 22, 13 23 84 98,PCRE API 98, 89 101,Unicode Support 101, 92 101,Examples 101, 92. The detox utility renames files to make them easier to work with. In the following example, we do just that and then print out the data we got:. Importing JSON file for Python analysis. cfg - Put one-line license description into setup. The slowest function was 78 times slower than the fastest function. You can change the character setting for the client connection through the charset argument. PyInstaller is tested against Windows, Mac OS X, and GNU/Linux. Multi-line strings can be denoted using triple quotes, ''' or """. Hey, Scripting Guy! I have some text files that include Unicode characters. Once you open the file you must *read* the contents and operate on that: data = f. When working with text files on a Solaris system, you'll occasionally run into a situation where a file will contain extended ASCII characters. Rename non-ASCII filenames to readable ASCII, i. A character class defines a set of characters, any one of which can occur in an input string for a match to succeed. This string is designed to look like the word "Python", but doesn't use any ASCII characters at all. split() for. Code example bodies should use normal Python 4-space indentation. encode('utf-8')) [/code] All those %E3 are. These are very similar in nature to how strings are handled in C. Likewise, Unix programs may display the carriage returns in Windows text files with Ctrl-m (^M) characters at the end of each line. read()) # or readline if the file is. sub(r'[^a-zA-Z]', "", str) print result [/code]You got your. Created on 2013-05-16 03:21 by Steven. Let's say you want to write a RE that matches the string \section, which might be found in a LaTeX file. secondly I am trying translate the characters by pl/sql code as mentioned in this thread but I am not able to remove single quote character from character string. However, to use it as an encoding would be rather wasteful, and most people seem to use UTF-8 (see this FAQ , rather Unix-oriented), in which each character is represented as 1,2,,6 bytes (and how many can be deduced from the first byte). Every character's byte sequence is unique and will never be found inside the byte sequence of another character, UTF-8 may use up to four bytes to encode a character, UTF-8 text must be checked for well-formedness, Pure ASCII is also valid UTF-8, and; Binary sorting will sort UTF-8 in the same order as Unicode. By the way, it was good enough to be the first Google search result for my query “how to handle two code point unicode character string length in javascript?”. Unicode string is designed to store text data. thanks, Stef Grokbase › Groups › Python › python-list › December 2008. In python, text could be presented using unicode string or bytes. This function doesn't just strip out the characters. ' you get bytestrings. If you've just run into the Python 2 Unicode brick wall, here are three steps you can take to start thinking about strings and Unicode the right way: 1. source: MGET / Trunk / PythonPackage / dist / TracOnlineDocumentation / Documentation / PythonReference / Method_GeoEco. The Unicode standard was initially designed using 16 bits to encode characters because the primary machines were 16-bit PCs. translate() to remove non-ascii characters:. remove non-ascii chars in python 2. >>> s = "This is a string" >>> s = '''a multiline Like list and tuple, slicing operator [ ] can be used with string. save file with same file name. Can anyone please advise how to remove the invisible extra character and where it came from?. When you save the file make sure to select Unicode for the 'Encoding' combo box. There are various methods to remove unicode characters from a String in. In Microsoft Word you can insert Unicode characters by typing the hex value of the character then typing Alt-x. However, in Python, they are not that common. Are unicode filenames supported? _base = str _getcwd = os. Characters are like this 0x97 0x61 0x6C 0x6F (hex representation) What is the best way to remove them?. A Python 3 string is a Unicode string so by default a Python 3 string that contains Unicode characters passed to C/C++ will be accepted and converted to a C/C++ string (char * or std::string types). I would just like to pull everything from those lines (and the special character always appears as the first character, but not on every line) except for the special characters. The following are code examples for showing how to use re. 3, imports are not thread-safe (#2371#). Decimal characters include digit characters, and all characters that can be used to form decimal-radix numbers, e. Although I couldn't find a general python library that provides a nice API for this, I was thankfully able to follow the examples in the python-docx to understand what was going on and get my script done. PEP 263 identified the problem that you can use only those Unicode characters in a Unicode literal which are also in Latin-1, and introduced a syntax for declaring the source encoding. - Fix import of PIL. btw, if you want to remove non-ascii characters, you should use ascii instead of utf-8. sub(u'/uFFFD', unicode(c). Same problem here. However, I want to leave spaces and periods. b64encode(u"Salut Pierre, comment ça va?". \d is short for [0-9]. If you’ve just run into the Python 2 Unicode brick wall, here are three steps you can take to start thinking about strings and Unicode the right way: 1. input delete existing files, directories. That looks like 32-bits per character, so I'd say it's some form of little-endian utf-32. This can be used to convert things like special language symbols, things like smileys/emoticons, and really any of the symbols that you will come across as unicode as you parse or stream. Processing Text Files in Python 3¶. i need a python script that will remove any special characters but to leave the period, question mark, exclamation point, and comma. Returns a readable version of an object. A database may contain tables with character sets and collations that are different from the default database’s character set and collation. minidom module and Python 2. Unicode accommodates most characters sets across all the languages that are commonly used among computer users today. I've created a text file from an application that I developed. Normalise (normalize) unicode data in Python to remove umlauts, accents etc. - normalise. (4 replies) Hi, I read some text from a utf-8 encoded text file like this: text = codecs. Since our example only has ascii characters in the byte string, it converts successfully and python can then construct the unicode string u"Hello Mr. Most notably this enhances the interpretation of Unicode literals in the source code and makes it possible to write Unicode literals using e. Rename non-ASCII filenames to readable ASCII, i. So rather than just ignoring the invalid characters, what we can do is convert to cp1252 but fall back to iso-8859-15 conversion, which will essentially just remove the c2 byte as required. Doing the above removes half your code. In UTF-16 a supplementary character is encoded using two 16-bit surrogate code points from the BMP. I've found several example of script and blog posts on working with unicode characters, but I haven't been able to make anything works so far It's a little frustrating I have a shapefile encoded in utf-8 (exported from QGIS) and there's many É, È, À, Ô, etc. 3) program and run into a problem that crashes my program. Unicode Character Table has online reference tools, including selection of Unicode characters by clicking on a chart, and converting to and from HTML formats. Writing unicode text to a csv file (Python 3) but that transposes some diacritics to different characters. x, we must be sure to remember that using the open method for writing to files in both branches will not allow for Unicode strings (that contain non-ASCII characters) to be written to files. The remove() method removes the item which is passed as an argument. These extended characters will generally appear to begin with ^ or [ characters in your text files. Python for File Systems. TET makes available. Square brackets can be used to access elements of the string. Simply removing the first character in the string is not ok, because the BOM is optional. Load a new font from a given filename or a python file object. Reason for inclusion: Originally included in Unicode for the sole purpose of indicating byte order or use in file signatures, the character acquired the ZWNBSP semantics as part of the merger between ISO/IEC 10646 and Unicode. As I said, you can use replaceAll () method of String along with regular expression to get rid of unwanted characters. I have this If you want to remove duplicated spaces, use the str. Remove duplicates. Unicode on Python 2. I would just like to pull everything from those lines (and the special character always appears as the first character, but not on every line) except for the special characters. In other words, all of the 'A', 'T', and 'T' characters are in Unicode. How to display and remove BOM in utf-8 encoded file "Byte-Order Mark found in UTF-8 File. path module that change forward slashes in a string to the appropriate filename separator for the platform that you are on. html @ 213 View revision: Revision 213 , 16. before going to the coding section have a look at this. "The Truth about Unicode in Python" The Truth about Unicode in Python. read() Then you ought to close the file: f. Same problem here. if you pass them u'. Rename non-ASCII filenames to readable ASCII, i. The most troublesome seems to be "closing" quotation marks. Like many other popular programming languages, strings in Python are arrays of bytes representing unicode characters. File Handling Python File Handling Python Read Files Python Write/Create Files Python Delete Files Python MySQL MySQL Get Started MySQL Create Database MySQL Create Table MySQL Insert MySQL Select MySQL Where MySQL Order By MySQL Delete MySQL Drop Table MySQL Update MySQL Limit MySQL Join Python MongoDB. special character, but what if I have several lines in a file. So, pyodbc will pass UCS-2 encoded Unicode data to Python, even if Python is expecting UCS-4 (as will be the case for a UCS4 build of Python). A character in the input string must match one of a specified set of. 7, you may want to consider learning from the Non-Programmer's Tutorial for Python 2. com/python-string-remove-last-n-characters/ In Python last characters of a string can be rem. Eric is a Senior Software Engineer with 30+ years of experience working with enterprise systems, both in the US and internationally. How to remove non ASCII characters from a string. x and Python 3. In Part 1 we looked at how to use the os. UTF-8 is a variable-width encoding that can represent every character in the Unicode character set. 0, the language features a str type that contain Unicode characters, meaning any string created using "unicode rocks!", 'unicode rocks!', or the triple-quoted string syntax is stored as Unicode. replace("°"," "), which intended to replace degree symbol with space, for the purpose of degree minute seconds input. AD> in the file, which marks the file as utf-8. 00: A Python library that converts cron expressions into human. It could be the case that you want to convert the unicode to ASCII or to some other encoding. Unlike most locales, which are specific to a language and country pair, Unicode classifies all the characters that are letters somewhere in the world as \ w. Python is even good at parsing unicode XML. Or you sourced it from a library that applied the wrong codec. X's bytes and str types, and a new mutable bytearray type has been added. translate(table[, deletechars]) → Return a copy of the string where all characters occurring in the optional argument deletechars are removed, and the remaining characters have been mapped. Character SYMBOL FOR DELETE IDEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION CHARACTER ABOVE TO MIDDLE AND BELOW. We can use single quotes or double quotes to represent strings.
<